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 (09-007.04-F) -  Shelf Number: MDV 159

No streaming derivative is available.

Date: May 23, 2006

Participants: Mitlaeva, Edi Samoilovna. Interviewed by Dov-Ber Kerler, Jeffrey Veidlinger, Moisei Lemster.

Location recorded: Chișinău, Chișinău Municipality, Moldova

Language: Yiddish, Russian

Culture Group: Jews, Yiddish-speakers, Moldovans

 Recording Content:   

This recording is a formal interview with Edi (Rivke) Samoilovna Mitlaeva, nee Rorer, born 1915 in Chisinau. (Part 1 of 3. See MDV 160 and MDV 161)

00:01:58 The formal interview with Mitlaeva begins. She provides personal information and talks about her family. Mitlaeva's father was born in Tiraspol and passed away in 1936. He was a merchant. Her mother was born in Novoselytsia, Ukraine. Mitlaeva grew up with two brothers and one sister.
00:06:34 Mitlaeva shares stories about Hershl Ostropoler, she remembers from her mother. The stories are about Hershl and the diamond and Hershl looking for work.
00:12:13 Mitlaeva recalls Yiddish songs from her mother. She then sings Yiddish songs about a coachman and cemetery.
00:15:08 Mitlaeva speaks about her life, including education, before the war. Her mother taught her how to write and read in Yiddish. She then attended a Yiddish school for six months, which was run by a female principal. Mitlaeva maintains that there was a Romanian and a Yiddish school in the same building and the Jewish students would learn in the afternoons. She then describes her teachers and recalls the switch to the Romanian school. Mitlaeva then describes her education and teachers at the Romanian school and shares an episode about three priests coming to school and blessing the school.
00:22:05 Mitlaeva talks about local Jewish schools before the war. She then speaks about her childhood home and describes locals. Mitlaeva remembers how neighboring boys sang Hebrew and Yiddish songs in a choir. Mitlaeva was a French-language teacher.
00:27:34 Mitlaeva speaks about life before the war and recalls a Romanian family that spoke Yiddish. She then addresses childhood games and touches upon prewar Sukkot and Simchat Torah celebrations. Mitlaeva also lists different local synagogues; e.g. cook's, baker's and glazier's synagogues.
00:32:20 Mitlaeva returns to speaking about non-Jewish neighbors. She then talks about the local Yiddish professional school and then addresses her education. Mitlaeva lists languages she studied and describes how she took the baccalaureate exam in 1936, as well as rewards from her family and friends. Mitlaeva attended secondary school between 1928 and 1934.
00:43:33 Mitlaeva talks about her Crimean friends. She then speaks about Yiddish books, she read before the war.
00:45:31 Mitlaeva talks about prewar organizations, including Hashomer Hatzair and Poale Zion. She attended meetings, organized by Poale Zion. Mitlaeva also recalls prominent guests. Mitlaeva then speaks about the prewar local Yiddish press.
00:47:37 Mitlaeva addresses prewar religious life and describes how her mother went to see a rebbe for advice in the 1920s. She then addresses folk and healing customs, before addressing prewar Passover celebrations; including how to kasher dishes. In particular, Mitlaeva recalls how her mother practiced healing customs.
00:52:10 Mitlaeva addresses prewar Purim celebrations, including food customs, costumes and Klezmer musicians.
00:54:54 Mitlaeva talks about food customs and Sabbath celebrations at home, before addressing prewar cultural life. Mitlaeva recalls local klezmer musicians. Mitlaeva then describes how her mother koshered meat and returns to describing her mother's cooking.
00:58:28 Mitlaeva speaks about her life, including Zionist activities, before the war. She then shares Yiddish proverbs and sayings.
01:01:22 End of recording.