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 (09-007.04-F) -  Shelf Number: MDV 157

No streaming derivative is available.

Date: May 22, 2006

Participants: Diner, Esfir Borisovna. Interviewed by Dov-Ber Kerler, Jeffrey Veidlinger, Moisei Lemster.

Location recorded: Chișinău, Chișinău Municipality, Moldova

Language: Yiddish, Russian

Culture Group: Jews, Yiddish-speakers, Moldovans

 Recording Content:   

This recording is a formal interview with Esfir (Fire) Borisovna Diner, born 1925 in Falesti. (Part 1 of 2. See MDV 158)

00:00:00 Diner provides personal information and talks about her family. Her father was an accountant and was shot in 1941. Diner grew up with one sister and one brother. Her mother was born in Edineț.
00:03:58 Diner talks about her life during World War II. During Soviet occupation, she was sent to Sibiria in 1941. Diner talks about her father's political activities, founding a Jewish party in the Romanian parliament.
00:05:59 Diner speaks about her life and education in Fălești before the war. She attended a Romanian primary school four years and secondary school for four years. She also speaks about her family. Diner explains his father's work as mediator.
00:10:20 Diner talks about prewar Jewish life in Fălești. She then discusses her childhood memories, including games. Diner also talks about her Romanian secondary school education. She then recites a Romanian poem, before addressing prewar cultural life.
00:14:27 Diner speaks about her life before the war and leisure activities. She then talks about her family, as well as literature.
00:17:08 Diner speaks about prewar holiday celebration, including Simchat Torah. She then sings a Yiddish song about happiness, she recalls from her mother. Another Yiddish song, Diner remembers from her mother, concerns making the wrong decision.
00:20:46 Diner speaks about her life before the war and recalls her mother's cooking. Diner moved to Chișinău in 1965. She then talks about her siblings' visits during the summer, when they studied at the conservatory.
00:24:24 Diner speaks about her life in Siberian gulag during the war. Diner and her mother worked at a sewing factory, before she escaped to Novosibirsk after three years. In Novosibirsk, Diner explains how she met fellow Jews, who helped her out by providing papers. The father of the family worked as director of the Minsk Yiddish theater.
00:28:30 Diner addresses prewar Yiddish cultural life in Fălești. She also mentions her encounter with Sidi Tal in Chernivtsi after the war.
00:30:55 Diner sings a Yiddish theater songs, she recalls from Sidi Tal's performances. She then addresses prewar traditional weddings.
00:32:47 Diner addresses prewar holiday celebration, including Purim and Passover. She also talks about her family and recalls her grandfather's observance. Diner then discusses her childhood memories and shares an episode from a non-Jewish holiday celebration, for which her mother sewed costumes. Diner then shares more stories about her interaction with her grandfather.
00:44:29 Diner speaks about her book collection. She then speaks about her life and encounters in a Siberian gulag. Diner describes how she read Russian poetry to fellow inmates.
00:51:02 Diner discusses Yiddish songs. She then sings "A brivele der mamen" (a little letter to mama), "Lomir zikh iberbetn" (Let's make up) and "Ikh hob dikh tsufil lib" (I love you too much) "Ikh bin farlibt in mayn eygenen man" (I'm in love with my own husband).
00:55:20 Diner speaks about prewar Jewish life in Fălești. She then addresses folk customs and describes how her mother went to a local healer at the beginning of the Soviet occupation.
00:58:59 Diner speaks about her life after the war. She was imprisoned in the Mykolayiv prison.
01:01:35 End of recording.