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 (09-007.04-F) -  Shelf Number: MDV 144

No streaming derivative is available.

Date: December 20, 2005

Participants: Tkach, Zlata; Mester, Manya Moiseevna; Bengelsdorf, Sergo. Interviewed by Dov-Ber Kerler, Moisei Lemster, Dovid Katz.

Location recorded: Chișinău, Chișinău Municipality, Moldova

Language: Yiddish, Russian

Culture Group: Jews, Yiddish-speakers, Moldovans

 Recording Content:   

The first part of this recording is the continuation of formal interview with Manya Moiseevna Mester. (Part 2 of 2. See MDV 143)

The second part includes a formal interview with Zlata (Zlote) Tkach, nee Berikhman, born 1928 in Lozova. She is recognized as the first female composer of Moldova.

The third part of the recording is a formal interview with Sergo Bengelsdorf, born in 1937 in Birobidzhan. (Part 1 of 3. See MDV 145 and MDV 146)

00:00:00 Mester answers dialectological questions from the AHEYM Yiddish linguistic questionnaire. She also answers questions about cultural terminology.
00:21:50 The team concludes the interview with Mester and the camera cuts to the interview with Tkach. She provides personal information and speaks about her family. Tkach's father was a musician and played the fidel, as well as conducted an orchestra until 1938.
00:27:57 Tkach speaks about her studies and work. She graduated from the Musicology Department of the Chişinău Conservatory in composition in 1952 and then pursued graduate studies in Moscow. She then returned to Chişinău to teach at the Conservatory. Tkatch then discusses her childhood memories of Lozova, as well as her family.
00:30:19 Tkach addresses her family's obervance and then recalls Passover celebrations at home. She also speaks about holiday food customs. Tkach then speaks about her family. Tkach's mother was a homemaker and her father played several instruments.
00:32:45 Tkach speaks about her family's life during World War II. She was evacuated with her mother to Namangan, Uzbekistan. She also addresses her father's work assignments. Tkach's family returned to Chişinău in 1945.
00:35:12 Tkach speaks about her family and how her father taught her how to play fiddle and piano. She then speaks about her life and education after the war. Tkach also speaks about her work and Soviet Jewish colleagues. She states that she began composing Jewish music in 1989 and has written more than forty pieces of different genres.
00:46:13 Tkach addresses food customs and dishes. She then speaks about life after the war and recalls poverty among people until 1950. Tkach also describes the living conditions.
00:49:55 Tkach speaks about her family. In particular, she addresses her father's work. She then talks about postwar Klezmer music and differentiates between Moldovan and Jewish music.
00:56:28 The formal interview with Bengelsdorf begins.
00:57:03 End of recording.