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 (09-007.11-F) -  Shelf Number: MDV 222

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Date: June 5, 2006

Participants: Ryzhoy, Elizaveta Nusinovna; Ryzhoy, Moisei Srulevich. Interviewed by Dov-Ber Kerler, Moisei Lemster.

Location recorded: Bender, Transnistria, Moldova

Language: Yiddish, Russian

Culture Group: Jews, Yiddish-speakers, Moldovans

 Recording Content:   

This recording is a formal interview with Elizaveta (Leye) Nusinovna Ryzhoy, nee Gurfinkel, born 1922 in Chimishliye (70 kilometers from Chişinău) and her husband Moisei (Moyshe) Srulevich Ryzhoy, born 1923 in Chişinău.

00:00:00 The Ryzhoys provide personal information.
00:01:45 The Ryzhoys provide personal information and talk about the modern history of the town Tighina, including the period under Soviet occupation.
00:09:00 Moisei talks about the return home of his wife after World War II and then discusses postwar and post-Soviet politics regarding Moldova.
00:15:23 Moisei talks about his family. His father was a carpenter. Moisei worked in a leather factory in 1936.
00:17:55 Moisei talks about his life during the war and describes how his family evacuated in 1941. The walked to a train station in Revaca, near Chişinău and then took a train headed to Odesa, before evacuating further. He explains how his father did not make into evacuation and was shot.
00:19:39 Moisei talks about his family. His mother worked in a butcher shop. He grew up with a sister and a brother.
00:21:49 Moisei discusses his childhood memories and holiday celebration. He also addresses charity within the community.
00:24:49 Moisei talks about life today. He then talks about Purim celebrations and prewar cultural performances.
00:27:31 Moisei talks about his life after the war. He worked in a canning factory in Astrakhan, Russia, during his military service. After he was demobilized in 1947, Moisei returned to Chişinău. He then describes the living conditions in his hometown. He moved in with his brother and mother at first. Moisei then worked in 29:40 as forwarding agent.
00:30:23 Moisei explains how he met his wife and talks about his life after the war.
00:32:18 Elizaveta talks about her family. Her father was a merchant for dairy products. Her mother passed away when she was thirteen years old. She grew up with two sisters and two brothers.
00:35:39 Elizaveta discusses her childhood memories and talks about prewar Jewish life in Chimishliye. She worked as a seamstress before and as crane-operator immediately after the war. Until her retirement, Elizaveta worked as a milliner. She returns to her life before the war.
00:37:53 Elizaveta talks about her life after the war and also addresses her Romanian school education, as well as the poverty at home.
00:40:08 Elizaveta discusses holiday celebration and prewar Jewish life. She recalls Sabbath preparations at home.
00:44:40 Elizaveta talks about traditional weddings and addresses her life at home before the war.
00:46:35 Elizaveta talks about her family. Her sister moved to Israel after the war.
00:49:26 Elizaveta discusses food customs. She stresses that despite the poverty at home, her father always made sure of proper food during holidays. Moisei also recalls conversions.
00:54:10 Elizaveta and Moisei answer questions about cultural terminology. Moisei recalls the custom "forn tsu a gitn yidn" (to visit a tsadik).
00:57:20 Moisei talks about his religious school (cheder) education. Moisei maintains that when his father could not pay his cheder education anymore, he hired a private tutor to teach him at home. He then addresses prewar cultural life and anecdotes.
01:00:29 The interview concludes.
01:02:15 End of recording.