Return to ATM Online Collections  > AHEYM: The Archive of Historical and Ethnographic Yiddish Memories  > Mukacheve

 (09-010.32-F) -  Shelf Number: MDV 591

No streaming derivative is available.

Date: July 5, 2005

Participants: Vider, Hershel Ylyevich; footage of Mukacheve. Interviewed by Dov-Ber Kerler, Jeffrey Veidlinger, Dovid Katz.

Location recorded: Mukacheve, Zakarpats'ka Oblast', Ukraine

Language: Yiddish

Culture Group: Jews, Yiddish-speakers, Ukrainians

 Recording Content:   

This recording is the continuation of a formal interview with Hershel Ylyevich Vider. (Part 3 of 6. See MDV 589, MDV 590, MDV 592, MDV 595, and MDV 596)

00:00:00 Vider remembers prewar celebrations of Purim. He remembers snippets of Purim shpiels, as well as a Hasidic anecdote about healing. He then talks about literature.
00:06:21 Vider remembers prewar Sabbath celebrations. He sings a Sabbath song in Hungarian. Vider learned some Hebrew from friends who attended the Hebrew school. He then describes prewar Jewish life. Vider explains that he had at one point joined the Mizrachi movement and later joined Betar, where he once saw Zeev Jabotinsky speak. He then joined the Hashomer Hatzair movement, thereby switching from the extreme right to the extreme left within the Zionist spectrum. He laughs that he went wherever the girls were.
00:12:37 The camera records his family photographs. The team goes with Vider on a tour of the former Jewish neighborhood. They arrive at the former Jewish tekhnikum and go inside. Vider remembers Jewish football clubs before the war. Outside the former Jewish tekhnikum, Vider talks about prewar Jewish life.
00:20:06 Vider and the team are headed to a former synagogue. Vider explains former Jewish buildings. The next stop includes the old Jewish cemetery. They visit graves of rebbes.
00:34:06 Vider and the team are headed to the new Jewish cemetery. At the cemetery, Vider talks about Jewish life today and visits several graves, including the structure housing the graves of the Shapiro family (the Hasidic rebbes of Mukacheve) and the monument for the Jews murdered during the Holocaust.
00:46:56 Vider and the team continue the formal interview at a restaurant. Vider remembers folk remedies. He talks about his return after World War II and postwar religious life. Vider attended privately organized prayer services and discusses how he would bake matzo at a Romanian Jew’s (Lebovich) house until 1953.
00:55:21 Vider talks about his experience at the Vorkuta gulag. Vider worked ten to twelve hours a day of hard labor building the railroad tracks from Pechera to Vorkuta. Vider then talks about his family and childhood memories. His father was a commission merchant for two retail companies (metal and colonial goods) from Prague. Vider explains how well-off his family was because they owned a telephone.
01:01:47 End of Recording.