Return to ATM Online Collections  > AHEYM: The Archive of Historical and Ethnographic Yiddish Memories  > Mukacheve

 (09-010.32-F) -  Shelf Number: MDV 590

No streaming derivative is available.

Date: July 5, 2005

Participants: Vider, Hershel Ylyevich. Interviewed by Dov-Ber Kerler, Jeffrey Veidlinger, Dovid Katz.

Location recorded: Mukacheve, Zakarpats'ka Oblast', Ukraine

Language: Yiddish

Culture Group: Jews, Yiddish-speakers, Ukrainians

 Recording Content:   

The tape is a continuation of a formal interview with Hershel Ylyevich Vider. (Part 2 of 6. See MDV 589, MDV 591, MDV 592, MDV 595, and MDV 596)

00:00:00 Vider talks about his family and prewar Jewish life. Vider’s daughter lives in Hungary and his son is a Canadian citizen. His father was born in Sighetu Marma?iei. Vider recalls the wedding of Eluzer Spira’s daughter in 1934, as well as the rebbe’s funeral. He then talks about religious life today, praying in Russian. According to Vider, people called prewar Mukacheve “little Jerusalem.” He claims that even half of the non-Jews in the city spoke Yiddish. Vider explains that the former director of the local Hebrew school, Dr. Haim Kugel, became the mayor of Kholoniv after the war.
00:17:57 Vider talks about the wedding of Chaim Elazar Spira’s daughter and shows several illustrated books about the history of Mukacheve. Vider then shows a Hungarian Jewish newspaper from the 1930s that reports on Hasidic life, before he shows photographs of the wedding and funeral of Eluzer Spira, as well as other photos of prewar Jewish life.
00:30:10 Vider talks about Frume’s (Spira’s daughter) wedding. He also sings Yiddish songs. He then talks about his family. Vider put up a canopy for his wedding in 1949. His son was circumcised in 1955. He then shows a book on the Holocaust of the Transcarpathian region and other illustrated books about Mukacheve. Vider then talks about food customs and shows a video of a relative, playing music.
00:50:08 Vider talks about his family, in particular his great-grandmother Zisl Berger. He then describes the folk custom “leshn koyln,” before recalling prewar Hasidic life.
00:56:35 Vider talks about his life during World War II. He was imprisoned in the Vorkuta gulag (building railroads) from 1940 to 1946, accused of spying. His brother Mendl hid in Budapest and his other brother Moyshe served in the Czechoslovak army during the war. Vider then talks about his family, in particular his children.
01:01:21 End of Recording.