Return to ATM Online Collections  > AHEYM: The Archive of Historical and Ethnographic Yiddish Memories  > Oradea

 (09-008.09-F) -  Shelf Number: MDV 292

No streaming derivative is available.

Date: July 3, 2008

Participants: Shwartz, Gershun. Interviewed by Dov-Ber Kerler.

Location recorded: Oradea, Bihor County, Romania

Language: Yiddish, Hungarian

Culture Group: Jews, Yiddish-speakers, Romanians

 Recording Content:   

The recording is a formal interview with Gershun Shwartz. (see also: MDV 286,287)

00:00:00 Shwartz talks about his life before the war. He got married for the first time in 1930 and left his hometown Valumihei in 1942. Shwartz explains that he returned to Valumihei in 1945 and continued in his profession as tombstone engraver.
00:01:59 Shwartz speaks about his after the World War II. He moved from Valumihei to Oreada in 1966. He then discusses his childhood memories, education at a yeshiva until the age of sixteen and work before the war. Shwartz worked odd jobs, including ovenman and winemaker.
00:05:41 Shwartz speaks about his family and their fate during the war. One of his brothers moved to Canada in 1926, Shwartz explains. His father, who was born in 12:05 in Hungary, was a grain merchant.
00:12:29 Shwartz speaks about his life and family after the war. He also touches upon holiday celebration at a local prayer house.
00:14:59 Shwartz talks about his performance at a Purim shpiel before the war.
00:18:35 Shwartz shows a contemporary document to honor his activities in the community. He then speaks about Passover celebrations before the war, specifically the seder led in Hungarian.
00:25:19 He also addresses his childhood memories and prewar Jewish life in his hometown. According to Shvartz, approximately 2,000 Jews lived there.
00:27:15 Shwartz speaks about his life and responsibilities as Mashgiach in the community today. He then explains how to kosher meat.
00:30:08 Shwartz speaks about his life, after he moved to Oradea in 1966. He visited Israel and America in the 1970s. He then speaks about his work as tombstone engraver with orders from America and Israel.
00:37:06 Shwartz speaks about prewar Jewish life, in particular different denominations and prayer houses. He also explains how he became a yeshiva student, after his father passed away in 1926.
00:47:43 Shwartz sings the liturgical song Lekha Dodi.
00:49:47 End of recording.