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 (09-008.09-F) -  Shelf Number: MDV 289

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Date: June 5, 2007

Participants: Freund, Lazar. Interviewed by Dov-Ber Kerler, Moisei Lemster.

Location recorded: Oradea, Bihor County, Romania

Language: Yiddish, Hungarian

Culture Group: Jews, Yiddish-speakers, Romanians

 Recording Content:   

The first part of the recording is the continuation of a formal interview with Mihai Freundlich. (Part 3 of 3. See MDV 287 and MDV 288)

The second part of the recording includes a formal interview with Lazar (Moshe-Leyzer) Freund, born 1922 in Baia Mare.

00:00:00 Freundlich speaks about contemporary Jewish life, as well as history of the region.
00:03:50 Freundlich speaks about his family, in particular his father, a Vizhnitzer hasid. He shares an episode when his father visited the the Vizhnitzer rebbe. He then addresses religious customs.
00:08:25 The team concludes the interview with Freundlich. The camera then collects synagogue footage.
00:09:26 The formal interview with Lazar Freund begins. He provides personal information and speaks about his family. His father was born near Sighetu Marmației and was a tailor. Freund grew up with one brother, who died in Auschwitz.
00:14:44 Freund addresses different Yiddish dialects. He then discusses his childhood memories. He attended a Jewish school in Oradea and attended a cheder and Talmud Torah school in Baia Mare.
00:18:45 Freund speaks about prewar life in Baia Mare. He then briefly addresses Purim celebrations, before talking about his life during World War II. He was a forced laborer in 20:01 and returned to Oredea in 1947. Freund got married in 1952 and does not have any children.
00:21:17 Freund addresses Purim and Sabbath celebrations, in particular zemirot.
00:24:00 Freund briefly speaks about his life after the war. He worked as an accountant. He also answers questions about cultural terminology.
00:26:04 Freund speaks about his religious education and prewar Jewish life in Baia Mare. He then addresses holiday celebration before and after the war. Freund also talks about postwar circumcision until the 1960s.
00:29:20 Freund speaks about contemporary Jewish life and Jews who made aliyah.
00:31:16 Freund speaks about prewar Jewish life and institutions in Baia Mare.
00:32:44 Freund answers dialectological questions from the AHEYM Yiddish linguistic questionnaire.
00:34:11 End of recording.