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 (09-006.02-F) -  Shelf Number: MDV 111

No streaming derivative is available.

Date: July 2, 2008

Participants: Samadi, Latsi; Goronvalgy, Sandor; Reti, Bela. Interviewed by Dov-Ber Kerler.

Location recorded: Debrecen, Hajdú-Bihar County, Hungary

Language: Yiddish, Hungarian

Culture Group: Jews, Yiddish-speakers, Hungarians

 Recording Content:   

The first part of the recording includes synagogue footage with a tour led by Goronvalgy and Samadi.

The second part of the recording is a formal interview with Latsi (Noyekh Gavril) Samadi (ne Shifman) born 1923 in Bököny. (Part 1 of 2. See MDV 112)

00:00:00 The team walks with Samadi to the synagogue to give a tour. He provides historical background about the synagogue, as well as about prewar and postwar religious life in Debrecen. According to Samadi, services in the Great Synagogue stopped in 1984. Other members, including Goronvalgy and Reti, join the conversation and inform about contemporary Jewish life in Hungarian and Yiddish.
00:10:39 The camera collects synagogue footage while community members provide background on the restoration of the synagogue.
00:16:54 Reti addresses prewar religious life at the synagogue, when he visited Debrecen from Rohod. The members then chat among themselves in Hungarian.
00:33:00 The team sets up the interview with Samadi.
00:35:20 The formal part of the interview begins. Samadi provides personal information and talks about prewar Jewish life in his hometown Bököny.
00:39:33 Samadi chants Sabbath songs.
00:43:01 Samadi speaks about his education at a religious school (cheder) until he was eleven years old and then Talmud Torah school for two years, which was located in Újfehértó (Yiddish: Ratsfelt). Samadi then talks about prewar religious life in Újfehértó. He recalls how his mother instructed him to learn Yiddish, so he can communicate with Jews anywhere.
00:46:13 Samadi speaks about his life today. He then continues to talk about his education and life before the war. After Samadi attended a Talmud Torah school, he studied at a yeshiva in Tiszaeszlár 47:19 for five semesters. After his yeshiva education, Samadi became a baker and locksmith. After the war, he was a merchant and then worked at a sanatorium.
00:48:38 Samadi speaks about his family. His father was a shopowner. He grew up with one brother and one sister. Samadi states that his sister was the only one from his immediate family who returned from Auschwitz.
00:51:30 Samadi speaks about his and his sister's life in the immediate postwar period. He then talks about his family and language education, before addressing his cheder education.
00:56:05 Samadi speaks about his life during the war. He states that he was not recognized as Jewish by German soldiers when he worked at a hotel.
00:58:56 Samadi speaks about his life and work before the war in Nyírkáta (Yiddish: Gobe) 59:07 and Bököny as baker.
01:00:41 End of recording.