Return to ATM Online Collections  > AHEYM: The Archive of Historical and Ethnographic Yiddish Memories  > Khmil'nyk

 (09-010.12-F) -  Shelf Number: MDV 423

No streaming derivative is available.

Date: May 25, 2008

Participants: Kapustina, Sonya Meyerovna. Interviewed by Dov-Ber Kerler, Moisei Lemster.

Location recorded: Khmil'nyk, Vinnyts'ka Oblast', Ukraine

Language: Yiddish, Russian

Culture Group: Jews, Yiddish-speakers, Ukrainians

 Recording Content:   

The tape is a formal interview with Sonya Meyerovna Kapustina, nee Kolomeir. After a discussion about her family, she talks about Jewish life before the war in Khmil'nyk. Kapustina was born in Khmil'nyk in 1922. Her father died in a camp. Her brother lives in America. Her second brother lived in Israel. Her grandfather Mordkhe was a salesman.

The conversation then turns to life in the ghetto during the war, before she discusses her childhood. Her entire family lived in the ghetto in Khmil'nyk. They celebrated Jewish holidays before the war since her father was observant. She went to a Jewish school for six grades before they turned it into a Russian school. Her uncle owned a mill in a village called Kurilovka before the war. She explains in great detail how her uncle went missing during the war. Then the conversation turns to Jewish life in Khmil'nyk before the war. In particular, she discusses synagogues in Khmil'nyk.

Kapustina then discusses her professional life after the war. She worked as an accountant, although she wanted to study medicine. However, she was not allowed to do so. The conversation returns to the discussion of her life during the war. She explains in detail how they gathered her family to lead them to the ghetto. Beforehand, they went to her aunt’s house in order to stay together. Shortly after, they took her family toward the river in harsh winter conditions. The interview concludes with a discussion about life after the war and today. She talks about her relatives in America and Israel. Moreover, she recalls her visit to Israel and how she attempted to get an Israeli passport.

00:00:00 Entering Sonya Meyerovna Kapustina’s apartment
00:01:03 Family
00:12:24 Life in ghetto Khmil'nyk
00:13:05 Jewish life before the war and presenting material about Jewish life
00:14:25 Reads a Passover booklet and Passover celebration before the war
00:16:39 Family
00:17:52 Education
00:19:52 Family during the war
00:24:39 Synagogues in Khmil'nyk before the war
00:27:11 Information about the research team
00:28:48 Life after the war
00:29:25 Life and Jewish culture before the war
00:31:45 Professional life after the war
00:34:16 Wedding
00:35:05 Presenting documents
00:35:43 Life during the war
00:38:12 Life after the war and today and family
00:56:51 End of Recording.