Continuation of formal interview with Anna (Khane) Borisovna Tkach. (Part 2 of 2. See MDV 696) The part of the interview on this tape consists of the team collecting linguistic data as well as the interviewee’s descriptions of the poor, religious Jews in her town.
The camera then switches to scenes of Tomashpol’.
The team begins a formal interview with Ester Khananovna Preger outside her home. (Part 1 of 2. See MDV 699) Preger and her parents were all born in Tomashpol’ and also spent the war there. Preger expresses her attitude toward Jewish languages, stating that Yiddish is zhargon (jargon) and that only Modern Hebrew (“Ivrit”) is a Jewish language. Preger describes her primary education in Yiddish and Ukrainian schools and then in the Vinnytsya Pedagogical Technical College.
During the war, her father was drafted to the front and although her mother wanted to go to Central Asia, they decided to stay in their town throughout the war. After the war, Preger worked as a teacher of young children with large classes of up to 45 students, the majority of whom were Jews. She worked as a teacher until she retired, at 55. Preger talks mostly about contemporary economic, healthcare and inter-ethnic problems in Ukraine, as well as the contemporary Jewish community supported by the Joint based in Vinnytsya. Her father Khananya worked in an unspecified profession, while her mother Yente was a housewife, who lit candles on shabes.