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 (09-008.05-F) -  Shelf Number: MDV 265

No streaming derivative is available.

Date: May 26, 2006 to May 27, 2006

Participants: Abramovich, Yitskhok; Chajim, Ichak; Shifra; Feyge. Interviewed by Dov-Ber Kerler, Jeffrey Veidlinger, Moisei Lemster.

Location recorded: Hîrlău; Mihăileni; Rădăuți, Iași County; Botoșani County; Suceava County, Romania

Language: Yiddish, Romanian

Culture Group: Jews, Yiddish-speakers, Romanians

 Recording Content:   

The first brief part of the recording is outside footage of the Hîrlau synagogue.

The second part of the recording includes a formal interview with Yitskhok Abramovich, born 1918 in Hîrlau.

The third part of the recording is a formal interview with Ichak (Itsik) Chajim. He was born 1906 in Podu Iloaiei. (Part 1 of 4. See MDV 262, MDV 263, and MDV 266)

The team also briefly interviews Feyge, born in Hîrlau.

00:00:00 The camera collects footage of the synagogue and chats with Abramovich about the prewar religious life. He also provides personal information.
00:02:31 Abramovich briefly talks about his life during World War II. He was confined to a ghetto in the Transnistria region. He then speaks about prewar Jewish life in Hîrlău, as well as his family. Abramovich's father and mother were both born in Hîrlău.
00:05:14 The team and Abramovich enter the synagogue. He briefly recites a prayer and gives a tour of the former Great Synagogue. Abramovich points out the marks of Russian weapons. Abramovich then talks about the the use of the synagogue building as horse stable during the war. Returnees, he explains, fixed up the building.
00:09:03 Abramovich briefly speaks about Jewish life before the war, including occupational structure. He also mentions that people would visit rebbes in Belceşti 11:45, Pașcani, Satu Mare and Ştefăneşti. Abramovich then recalls how he visited the Ştefăneşti rebbe as child.
00:12:57 Abramovich answers questions about cultural terminology and speaks about his Yiddish-language education. He also mentions prewar culture, including organizations (Hashomer Hatzair and Gordonia).
00:14:46 Abramovich addresses the history of the synagogue building. He remembers an artist who decorated the synagogue during his childhood. Abramovich then addresses folk customs to avert the evil eye.
00:18:49 Shifra joins the conversation. Abramovich then speaks about prewar religious life and his religious school (cheder) education.
00:21:43 Abramovich speaks about his family and observance.
00:24:11 The camera collects footage of the Iași province.
00:26:06 The team greets Chajim and sets up the interview with him. He speaks about his life today and compares to life before the war. Chajim then provides personal information and speaks about a friend whom he helped in Auschwitz.
00:28:36 Chajim speaks about his life during World War II. In particular, he mentions the transportation to do forced labor in Vyzhnytsya, Ukraine. He also speaks about his musical interests and states that he played in the military band in Botoșani.
00:31:21 Chajim remembers a song about flirting. He then recites the Rabbis' Kaddish, before talking about his family. Chajim has a sister, who lives in Israel. Chajim mentions that he blows the shofar on Yom Kippur and he attended religious school (cheder).
00:35:40 Chajim speaks about Yiddish literature, including writings by Sholem Aleichem and Sholem Asch.
00:39:34 The camera records Chajim reciting kaddish for several people.
00:48:00 The camera collects footage of the synagogue and briefly interviews Feyge.
00:51:11 Chajim speaks about Yiddish literature.
00:54:01 Chajim talks about his time as forced laborer in the Romanian army during World War II. He also speaks about his friend with whom he worked in Poland.
00:58:48 Chajim provides personal information and speaks about observance. He got married in Hîrlău.
01:00:20 Chajim recites his own songs about old times. He also recalls a saying from his father.
01:02:37 End of recording.