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 (09-010.09-F) -  Shelf Number: MDV 399

No streaming derivative is available.

Date: May 24, 2008

Participants: Kelmenson, Anya Yefimovna. Interviewed by Dov-Ber Kerler and Moisei Lemster.

Location recorded: Bratslav, Vinnyts'ka Oblast', Ukraine

Language: Yiddish, Russian

Culture Group: Jews, Yiddish-speakers, Ukrainians

 Recording Content:   

This recording is a continuation of a formal interview with Anya Yefimovna Kelmenson. (Part 2 of 2. See MDV 398) Anya Kelmenson talks about Jewish life in Bratslav after World War II and Khmel'nyts'kyy before World War II. Her father was arrested for speaking against Stalin. Her grandfather was persecuted as a kulak and fled to the Crimea, where he died. She discusses the celebration of Jewish holidays and life-cycle rituals. The recording ends with a dialectological interview.

00:00:00 Kelmenson briefly speaks about Bratslav locals and life today. She then addresses her family. Kelmenson has family in Israel. She then speaks about her life after the war, specifically her wedding. Kelmenson states that the local kosher butcher gave the blessing. Kelmenson also explains why her son was not circumcised.
00:03:58 Kelmenson speaks about her father's arrest in 1937. She recalls the moment when her father was taken. He reunited with his family in Bratslav sixteen years later.
00:07:30 Kelmenson speaks about her life and work after the war. She also speaks about her family. Kelmenson then talks about her work, as well as the use of the school building as Yiddish school before the war.
00:09:56 Kelmenson speaks about Jewish life after the war, as well as Bratslav locals.
00:11:50 Kelmenson speaks about the local community.
00:13:15 Kelmenson talks about her family. She explains how her mother wrote articles for Yiddish journals.
00:15:34 Kelmenson addresses postwar Jewish life, including weddings. She recalls traditional wedding music.
00:17:12 Kelmenson remembers food customs at home. She then describes Passover celebrations at home before the war. Kelmenson then talks about her family's career and encounters of antisemitism.
00:20:51 Kelmenson speaks about her life after the war, as well as life today. She then addresses her family, as well as what it means to be Jewish.
00:24:02 Kelmenson briefly addresses the return of locals from Israel. She then talks about postwar antisemitism in Bratslav. Kelmenson also speaks about her family and co-workers who emigrated.
00:28:13 Kelmenson answers questions about cultural terminology. She also speaks about her mother's work as writer, as well as prewar Jewish buildings in Bratslav.
00:31:44 Kelmenson talks about her family, particularly her father. She then answers dialectological questions from the AHEYM Yiddish linguistic questionnaire. They then chat.
00:43:41 The team concludes the interview with Kelmenson. They also address Yiddish dialects.
00:45:22 End of recording.