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 (09-010.09-F) -  Shelf Number: MDV 394

No streaming derivative is available.

Date: June 27, 2005

Participants: Vaynshteyn, Musya Moiseevna; Geller, Sofia Abramovna; Geller, David Grigoryevich. Interviewed by Dov-Ber Kerler, Dovid Katz and Jeffrey Veidlinger.

Location recorded: Uman'; Bratslav, Cherkas'ka Oblast'; Vinnyts'ka Oblast', Ukraine

Language: Yiddish, Russian

Culture Group: Jews, Yiddish-speakers, Ukrainians

 Recording Content:   

The first part of the tape is a continuation of a formal interview with Musya Moiseevna Vaynshteyn, recorded in Nemyriv. (Part 2 of 2. See Accession # 09-010.06-F MDV 602) They continue to discuss Sabbath celebrations and food customs at home before the war. The conversation then turns to childhood memories and friends. She then discusses life during the war. When the Germans entered Sharhorod, they collected money from Jewish homes. When the Romanians came after the Germans had left, they erected a fence around the school on a big square in order to set up a ghetto in Dzhurin. Vaynshteyn was imprisoned there for six years. She remembers how a woman was accused of being a partisan because they found a grenade. After the war, they erected a memorial on the square. The conversation turns to life after the war. When Vaynshteyn returned to Dzhurin, she finished seven grades and left for Moldova to study at a technical school for three years. She met her husband there and returned to Sharhorod to get married, celebrating a traditional Jewish wedding in 1958. When she talks about her difficult life in Dzhurin after the war, she mentions her mother raising three children by herself. Her father was severely injured on the front and her family visited him on a regular basis at a hospital in Uman'. With regard to religious life after the war, Vaynshteyn talks about religious gatherings in private homes in Sharhorod, after the synagogue was turned into a factory. She then describes the synagogue in Dzhurin. The discussion returns to Vaynshteyn's earliest childhood memories and her family's occupations. She then remembers how her mother told stories. Her family celebrated Passover in Sharhorod with her grandparents before the war. The conversation briefly moves to how they survived the ghetto. The interview concludes with Vaynshteyn talking about life today. She addresses the dwindling Jewish community and her visits to her grandfather's grave in Dzhurin after the war, including a rebbe praying in Yiddish at her grandfather's grave. The camera then moves outside and collects town footage on the way to the next interview with Sofia (Sime-Leye), nee Dikerman, and David (Dovid) Geller. Sofia was born 1929 in Bratslav and David was born 1929 in Zhmerynka.

The tape cuts out and continues in Bratslav as the interview team looks for the Gellers' house. The team sits with David and Sofia Geller in the courtyard of their home. (Part 1 of 3. See MDV 395 and MDV 396) David Geller tells about his experience in evacuation in Central Asia during World War II. He was evacuated to a collective farm near Samarqand. He then worked as a lathe operator in a factory in Shymkent, Kazakhstan. After the war, he returned to Zhmerynka via Baku and then moved to Kyiv, where he found factory work. In 1950 he was taken into the army, served for three years, and then settled in Bratslav.

00:00:00 Sabbath celebrations
00:02:31 Childhood friends
00:04:47 Life during the war
00:08:16 Her life after the war
00:09:05 Post-war life in Dzurin
00:10:53 Religious life after war
00:12:28 Story telling
00:18:18 Passover celebration in Sharhorod
00:20:28 Family and survival
00:23:29 Life today and family
00:25:34 Postwar religious customs
00:26:54 Concluding interview
00:28:05 Outside and town footage
00:32:21 Interview with Sofia and David Geller (part 1 of 3)
00:32:21 The team meets the Gellers outside their house, before they set up the formal interview.
00:34:46 The formal interview with the Gellers begins. They provide personal information, before David discusses his childhood memories of Jewish Zhmerynka.
00:40:31 Geller talks about prewar Jewish life in Zhmerynka. He recalls leisure activities in town. David then addresses his family's life at the beginning of the war, when they evacuated. His father was a barber and a communist, according to David. David describes his evacuation in a heated goods train toward Tashkent, Uzbekistan, traveling for one month. David continues that they evacuated further to Samarqand Shahri, where he worked on a kolkhoz in the Panjakent region.
00:45:53 Geller describes the living conditions at the kolkhoz. He also speaks about his family. Geller's father was drafted in 1942. According to Geller, his mother was pregnant and she gave birth in Zhambyl Qalasy, Kazakhstan. Geller's mother passed away in Samarqand Shahri and he and his two brothers had to take care of themselves; Geller explains.
00:51:03 Geller talks about his life in evacuation, after his mother passed away. Geller's maternal aunt took care of his infant brother in Shymkent, Kazakhstan. Geller continues that he began a turner apprenticeship at a factory teaching facility (Fe'Ze'O - фабричное заводское обучение), before he worked a factory in Shymkent. Geller then explains that he moved to his father, who lived in Türkmenbaşy (formerly known as Krasnovodsk). Geller worked at a cafeteria there.
00:57:31 Geller speaks about his siblings' life during the war, as well as his life in Türkmenbaşy. Geller's father was drafted for the second time. He then describes his return home to Zhmerynka, via Baku (Azerbaijan), after the war ended.
00:59:51 Geller speaks about his life after the war. He left Zhmerynka for Kyiv in 1947 and attended again the Fe'Ze'O. He was drafted for military service in 1950 and served until 1953. Geller then speaks about his service in the Primorsky territory.
01:01:02 End of recording.