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 (09-010.09-F) -  Shelf Number: MDV 393

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Date: July 14, 2002

Participants: Kupershmidt, Mikhail Aronovich; Kupershmidt, Rakhil Natanovna. Interviewed by Dov-Ber Kerler, Dovid Katz and Jeffrey Veidlinger.

Location recorded: Bratslav, Vinnyts'ka Oblast', Ukraine

Language: Yiddish, Russian

Culture Group: Jews, Yiddish-speakers, Ukrainians

 Recording Content:   

The recording is the continuation of a formal interview with Mikhail Aronovich Kupershmidtand his wife Rakhil Natanovna Kupershmidt, born 1919 in Bratslav. (Part 2 of 3. See MDV 392 and Accession # 09-010.43-F MDV 657) Mikhail Kupershmidt continues his story of how he survived World War II, concentrating on how he fled from the massacre at the mass grave near Zhytomyr . He then discusses his childhood. He was born in 1914 in Bratslav. His father was a drayman. He attended four years of Yiddish school in Bratslav. He tells of Jewish life in Bratslav before the war and of the Hasidim who would come to Bratslav. He talks about contemporary Jewish life in the region. He remembers celebrating Jewish holidays, like Passover, in Bratslav before the war. Kupershmidt answers a series of dialectological questions.

00:00:00 Kupershmidt talks about his life during the war, in particular the moment when he evaded massacres. He then briefly talks about life in Bratslav before the war, including the relationship between Jews and non-Jews. Kupershmidt then discusses his family. His father was a coach man.
00:03:22 Kupershmidt provides personal information and talks about his family. He grew up with two brothers and one sister; and his family owned a cow.
00:05:31 Kupershmidt addresses prewar Jewish life in Bratslav, including Hasidic visitors from Uman. He attended a Yiddish school for four years. Kupershmidt also addresse holiday celebration in town.
00:07:34 Kupershmidt talks about postwar Jewish life. He then mentions his oldest brother who was active in Zionist circles.
00:09:30 Kupershmidt addresses holiday celebration, specifically Sabbath, at home before the war. He then talks about life today.
00:11:56 Kupershmidt talks about antisemitic acts in Ukraine. He then speaks about the contemporary Jewish community in Bratslav.
00:14:32 Kupershmidt speaks about prewar religious life, before answering questions about cultural terminology.
00:18:12 Kupershmidt answers dialectological questions from the AHEYM Yiddish linguistic questionnaire.
00:30:45 Rakhil provides personal information and talks about her family's fate during World War II. She grew up with two sisters. She then briefly talks about her life during the war when she evacuated to Kyrgyzstan. Rakhil then discusses her childhood memories of Jewish Bratslav, as well as her home. She attended a Ukrainian school. Rakhil also speaks about ther family and her father's religious teachings.
00:34:16 Rakhil speaks about prewar holiday celebration at home. She specifically recalls the Passover seder at her uncle's house. He was a rabbi.
00:38:12 Kupershmidt recites the morning prayer "modeh ani." He then speaks about his journalist activities for the local Jewish newspaper; before answering dialectological questions from the AHEYM Yiddish linguistic questionnaire.
00:40:15 End of recording.